Updated: Jan 11, 2019
The vertical garden has undergone a dramatic shift in the minds of architects and designers in recent years. Rather than being seen as a fringe luxury item with high cost and low utility, the modern vertical garden is practical, cost-effective, and flexible enough to serve a wide variety of client needs.
Despite their fantastic growth in popularity, there still exist some common doubts related to vertical gardens. As experts in the subject, we at Vertical Garden will answer some of the most common questions related to vertical gardens and their potential uses and benefits.
What is a vertical garden?
A vertical garden is nothing more than a special structure mounted next to a wall containing different types of vegetation. They are made of lightweight materials that adapt to any type of wall and are managed by an intelligent and automated system of fertilization and irrigation when needed. Today, there are four main types of vertical gardens: natural, preserved, moss and artificial. Get to know the characteristics of each one below.
Natural Vertical Garden
Natural Vertical Gardens are versatile and beautiful, and bring a wide variety of benefits, such as air purification, temperature regulation, and wildlife habitat and food, not to mention the psychological benefits of replacing bare concrete with a living wall! Ideal for outdoor environments, as well as interiors with the appropriate environmental conditions, the Natural Vertical Garden is made up of a variety of plant species grown in our special hydroponic anchoring system. Before installation, an analysis of environmental conditions is essential so that the appropriate plants can be selected and healthy growth can be assured. The only additional requirements for creating a Natural Vertical Garden is to have access to a water source nearby, an electrical outlet, and somewhere for the water to drain.
Preserved Vertical Garden
The Preserved Vertical Garden is an interesting and attractive alternative for indoor settings where there is little natural light or other adverse conditions. The Preserved Vertical Garden consists of natural plants that undergo a treatment process to preserve texture, foliage and movement. The anchoring system that supports the plants is coated with a naturally-dyed fiber. Then the plants are safely secured with high pressure clamps. The only maintenance required is an occasional dusting.
Preserved Moss Vertical Garden
The Preserved Moss Vertical Garden is a made up of a variety of mosses and lichens with attractive, multidimensional shapes and textures. Harvested and preserved using a delicate artisanal process, it is recommended for those who want to give a touch of refinement and good taste to internal environments. There are 16 color options, consisting of ten classic colors and their respective variations (options range from natural earth tones to vibrant artificial colors). Required maintenance is minimal and generally limited to an occasional dusting.
Artificial Vertical Garden
Unlike their primitive ancestors, the modern Artificial Vertical Garden faithfully reproduces the shapes, colors, textures and flexibility of natural plants. They are produced using fine silk and high-quality polyester. Artificial plants are versatile and can be produced in different sizes and varied species, and are totally maintenance-free, other than an occasional dusting. Another advantage is that they can be used in both indoor and outdoor spaces.
Advantages of vertical gardens
Vertical gardens bring numerous benefits. The plants leave the environment more beautiful, cheerful, and elegant and provide a number of functional environmental benefits, such as creating an acoustic barrier, regulating ambient temperature, and filtering air pollution. The vertical garden gives a touch of modernity and good taste to different spaces, both internal or external, corporate or residential.
Vertical Gardens Maximize Spaces
Vertical gardens are a great way to maximize limited space and reclaim underused spaces by turning a bare wall into an aesthetically pleasing and creatively stimulating element. Many architects and designers have come to think of them as a natural upholstery for a building.
Vertical Gardens Reduce the Urban Heat Island Effect
Vertical gardens are an effective counter to the urban heat island phenomenon. The urban heat island effect (cities or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than the surrounding rural areas due to human activities, development patterns, and an overabundance of concrete paving) is becoming increasingly problematic and even dangerous in urban areas the world over, as the number of days of extreme heat and the intensity of that heat continue to increase.
Vertical Gardens Improve Air Quality
Vertical Gardens clean the outside and inside air of pollutants and dust, and help to capture greenhouse gases produced by fuel combustion in urban and industrial areas.
Vertical Gardens Provide an Acoustic Barrier
Vertical Gardens also act as a natural soundproofing. The surface of the garden blocks high frequency sounds and, depending on the composition of the base, can block out low frequency noises as well.
Vertical Gardens Reduce Stress and Increase Productivity
Physiologically and psychologically speaking, plants do a great job of reducing stress. According to a study by the University of Washington, people working in an environment with plants are 12% more productive and less stressed.
Vertical Gardens Attract Consumers in Retail and Reduce Costs
And yes, vertical gardens can also provide economic benefits! They tend to increase pedestrian traffic in retail spaces, since living walls create interesting and beautiful spaces in which people choose to pass the time. As vertical gardens help to regulate the temperature and improve the air quality of buildings, they can also provide big savings in operational costs by avoiding the necessity of constantly using artificial air conditioning and filtration systems.
If you would like to know more about Vertical Gardens and their applications, download our Free Garden Guide using the banner below or get your free estimate here!